There is a good literature review from the Transportation Research Board on the Visualization of Technical Data For Hazard Mitigation and Disaster Response. It goes into mostly assessing damage from landslides, rockfalls, settlement, and other similar events. Many of these can be caused by heavy rainfall events, one of the costly weather damage events that can be used by the surveys in this study.
The study mentions many types of passive and active remote sensing and evaluation of the data using GIS systems and other survey techniques. The study is well worth the read.